Momentum, denoted by the symbol p, is a property of an object defined as the product of its mass m and velocity v. Mathematically, momentum p is expressed as p = mv.

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Momentum is a fundamental concept in physics, representing the quantity of motion an object possesses. It is defined as the product of an object’s mass (m) and its velocity (v). Mathematically, momentum (p) is expressed as p = m × v. The direction of momentum is the same as the direction of the object’s velocity. This vector quantity reflects an object’s resistance to changes in its motion and is conserved in isolated systems. Understanding momentum is crucial in analyzing collisions, providing insights into the behavior of objects before and after interactions, and emphasizing the importance of both mass and velocity in determining overall motion.